APWH Unit 4
This era includes only 300 years, but some profound and long-lasting changes occurred. During this period the two hemispheres were linked for the first time in world history and long-distance trade became truly global. Characteristics and topics of the time period include the following:
- The globe was encompassed for the first time linking the western and eastern hemisphere and leading to the creation of interregional trade networks and a quickened pace of diffusion.
- Technological innovations, strengthened political organization, and economic prosperity all contributed to this change that completely altered world trade patterns.
- Sea-based trade rose in proportion to land-based trade, and with this trend the relative power of nomadic groups declined.
- Europe restructured itself economically, socially, and politically throughout this period, aligning itself with Christianity, leading eventually to the permanent split of the faith into an Eastern and Western half.
- The growth of the nation state as a political entity and the development of a truly global trade network required the use of new labor systems and the transformation of old ones.
Major Comparisons and Snapshots:
- Analyze imperial systems: European monarchy compared with a land-based Asian empire.
- Compare coercive labor systems: slavery and other coercive labor systems in the Americas.
- Understand the development of empire (i.e., general empire building in Asia, Africa, and Europe).
- Compare Russia’s interaction with the west with the interaction of one of the following (Ottoman Empire, China, Tokugawa Japan, Mughal India) with the west.
Need to Know vs. Not Need to Know:
- Neoconfucianism, but not specific Neoconfucianists.
- Importance of European exploration, but not individual explorers.
- Characteristics of European absolutism, but not specific rulers.
- Reformation, but not Anabaptism or Huguenots.
- Extent of Ottoman expansion, but not the Safavid Empire.
- Slave plantation systems, but not Jamaica’s specific slave system.
- Institution of the harem, but not Hurrem Sultan.
- Relations between the Kongo and Portugal, but not individual rulers.
- Japanese foreign policy, but not Hideyoshi.